Sunday, February 18, 2018

the Firebird-based Type K concept was built in 1977 by Pininfarina. What in the world is James Garner doing with it?


The silver K Type took a bow before the television cameras in March of 1979, appearing in a two-part episode of The Rockford Files, “Never Send a Boy to Do a Man’s Job.”

In The Rockford Files role, the Type K has been updated with a 1979 Trans Am nose, as shown in the GM publicity photo below with Garner and journalist and PR guru Eric Dahlquist.


The initial Type K was designed in 1977 by David Holls and Jerry Brockstein under the direction of General Motors.

Italian automotive designer and builder Pininfarina was later commissioned to have two metal-bodied Type Ks (the prototypes were built out of fiberglass) manufactured.

Painted silver with red interior and gold with beige upholstery respectively, the twin shooting brakes sported glass gullwings in the back and were received enthusiastically as they were showcased around the US. The reception made GM ponder a limited production series with a price of $16,000 (almost triple than the 1978 Pontiac Trans Am coupe), but it never happened.

Word has it that the gold-painted Type K was destroyed, while the silver car is still out there somewhere.



https://www.autoevolution.com/news/the-coolest-shooting-brakes-ever-made-57152.html
https://macsmotorcitygarage.com/type-k-pontiacs-sporty-firebird-wagon-concept/

Did you know that the NBA originated in the tire companies? They had teams, and competed with each other both with tires, and basketball.



The Goodyear Tire and Rubber Co. developed an extensive intramural athletic program for its employees. Other Akron companies — including Firestone Tire and Rubber Co. and General Tire and Rubber Co. — were doing the same.

The earliest known photograph of a Goodyear Wingfoots basketball team, an intramural squad, is dated 1914, according to Goodyear's director of national media relations, Keith Price. By about 1917, Goodyear, Firestone General Tire and other Akron companies competed against one another in multiple sports in the Akron Industrial Athletic Association.

The industrial leagues were a part of a movement within the burgeoning factory-based industries across the country to engage employees in team-building exercises, said historian Jeffrey Smith. Smith, who is on the faculty of Lindenwood University in St. Louis, wrote his University of Akron doctoral dissertation on the Akron industrial leagues.

Other businesses were forming the same kinds of competitive teams across the nation, said Smith, including the steel mills of Pittsburgh and Youngstown, automobile manufacturers in Detroit and many more in virtually every region of the country.

In the case of the Goodyear Wingfoots and the Firestone Non-Skids (the Non-Skid being the first treaded car tire), basketball also was a chance to show the use of rubber as an athletic shoe sole.

In a very short time, though, teams started recruiting and paying outside players. In the case of Goodyear, players were offered jobs in the factories and offices in return for playing for the company team for two years. About 20% of those players stuck with the companies, said Price, and the teams included several future top executives of Goodyear.

The 1920-21 Firestone team featured a skinny future shoe salesman by the name of Charles Hollis "Chuck" Taylor. The cover of his biography features a photo of Taylor, whose name graces the famed Converse shoes, in his Firestone uniform.

Victor Holt, Jr. was an college basketball standout at Oklahoma (1st national player of the year) in the late 1920s. He was an All-American and the Helms National Player of the Year in 1928. After college he played basketball in the Amateur Athletic Union (AAU) for Cook's Painter Boys, located in Kansas City, Missouri. With them he won two national championships in 1928 and 1929.

After basketball he worked at Goodyear , making his way gradually up the ranks through a series of sales and management jobs, and was the 10th president of Goodyear Tire Company in 1964. During his tenure, the company enjoyed a period of record profits.

Akron industrial teams helped form the core of the Amateur Athletic Union, winning several national AAU championships from the 1930s through the 1960s.

In the late 1930s, the national industrial basketball leagues began to morph. In 1936, the Wingfoots joined the semi-professional Midwest Basketball Conference. The next year, 13 industrial basketball teams, organized by Goodyear, Firestone and General Electric, formed the National Basketball League.

Akron became title town: Goodyear won the league's first championship, and Firestone won the next two. The Goodyear Wingfoots dropped out of competitive basketball during World War II, coming back into it after the war was over.


The NBL continued, however, and, in 1949, merged with the failing Basketball Association of America to form the National Basketball Association. Of the 17 original NBA teams, five that still play have direct roots to the NBL and the local industrial leagues: the Lakers, Pistons, Hawks, 76ers and Kings. The three BAA teams are now the NBA's Knicks, Warriors and Celtics.

"If (the Wingfoots) had stayed playing in the NBL, one of the original NBA teams would have come from Akron," said Price.

But the Goodyear Wingfoots went a different route.

"When we came back into competitive basketball, we went to the National Industrial Basketball League," said Price.

Goodyear and four other industrial teams formed the NIBL in 1947. Goodyear stayed in that league until it became a part of the National Alliance of Basketball Leagues in 1961.

Basketball players who needed to retain their eligibility or weren't interested in the NBA played in the amateur leagues. At the time, said Price, working for Goodyear actually paid more than professional basketball. Plus, NBA jobs were hard to get.

Holt became president of Goodyear in 1964, and the Wingfoots won the NABL title, with a team featuring three members of the gold medal-winning 1964 U.S. Olympic basketball team: Larry Brown (who was head coach of the Detroit Pistons from 2003 to 2005 and led the team to the NBA championship in 2004, the only coach in NBA history to lead eight different teams to the playoffs), Dick Davies and Pete McCaffrey, along with the Wingfoot's coach, Henry V. "Hank" Vaughn.

The Wingfoots also won the league championship in 1968, featuring Olympians Cal Fowler and Jim King, along with Vaughn.

Former NBA All-Star Adrian Smith had also played for the team in 1961.

Goodyear ended its team sponsorship in 1970, Holt retired in 1972

Holt also became an auto racing enthusiast co-owner. He also is notable for having suggested the name of the famous auto-racing empire Dan Gurney's All American Racers, in which he was a partner/co-owner.


http://www.crainscleveland.com/article/20170219/NEWS/170219808/industrial-leagues-put-akron-on-basketball-map

Goodyear Tire and Rubber Co. and Pistons guard Richard Hamilton teamed in 2005 to promote the Assurance TripleTred in a unique fashion, tightly braided hair woven into the TripleTred tread pattern

Goodyear was looking for an appropriate player with whom to partner, and found him in Hamilton.

According to Ed Markey, Goodyear's vice president of North American Tire public relations, Hamilton fit the bill in many ways.

http://www.moderntiredealer.com/news/384443/nba-player-gets-mileage-out
http://k3hamilton.com/cb/headad.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Victor_Holt
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Larry_Brown_(basketball)
http://www.rubbercitysports.com/pages/19259/goodyearhall-history

in 1949 Buick introduced "VentiPorts" invented by Ned Nickles, a self taught designer who also came up with the Buick Bombsight hood ornament, and became chief of design at Buick


A high school grad in 1934 who then went to work for his dad, and went through 7 cars in those years, rebuilding and redesigning them, and taught himself car design, which motivated him to send Harley Earl some sketches that instantly got him hired.

During WW2 he did camo work on tanks, and in '45 was appointed Chief Designer of the Advance Design Studio

The idea for VentiPorts grew out of a modification Buick styling chief Ned Nickles had added to his own 1948 Roadmaster. Four amber lights were installed on each side of the car’s hood which were wired to the distributor. The lights flashed on and off as each piston fired which was supposed to simulate the flames from the exhaust stack of a fighter airplane. Combined with the bombsight mascot, VentiPorts put the driver at the controls of an imaginary fighter airplane.

In 1958, Ford had redesigned its Thunderbird, enlarging it and putting in a back seat. GM was desperate for a competitor, and in mid-1959, Mitchell tapped designer Ned Nickles to design a Thunderbird competitor for Cadillac.

Ned Nickles also created the Buick "hardtop convertible," which wasn't a convertible at all but a hardtop without a pillar between the door windows and the rear side windows. Another of his contributions was the "sweepspear," a bright metal sculpture that swooped down the side of the car and kicked up over the rear wheel opening.

He designed the 1960 Corvair, which went on to beat Porsche in the 1967 SCCA D Production

https://www.gmheritagecenter.com/featured/Buick_Styling.html
https://wheels.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/10/05/tracing-the-murky-origins-of-a-buick-riviera-sketch/
LIFE Magazine Jan 18, 1954
http://www.drivingtoday.com/technology/yesterday/index.php

road building in California

there were 14000 miles paved in California before WW2

there are currently 52000 miles of paved road

Gurney's All American Racers built a lot of race cars


158 Eagle racing cars between 1965 AND 2012.

Including: 4 Formula One Eagles
106 Indy Eagles
20 Formula
5000 Eagles
13 IMSA GTP Eagles
13 Formula Ford Eagles
2 Trans-Am Plymouth Barracudas
3 IMSA GTU Toyota Celicas
3 IMSA GTO Toyata Celicas
2 Can-Am McLEagles
1 Lola Can-Am
1 Delta Wing


Dan Gurney's All American Racers is the only constructor in the United States which has designed and built:

A Winning F1 Grand Prix Car
A Winning Indianapolis 500 Car
A Winning Sports Car

http://allamericanracers.com/all-american-racers-history/

The Formula Fords are good for 115 mph, and one was featured in Hagerty magazine, winter 2017 issue, and is owned by Larry Webster, Hagerty’s Vice President of Content

He ditched an engineering career to write for Car and Driver in 1994, then served as Automotive Editor at Popular Mechanics and was Editor-in-Chief at Road and Track before going to Hagerty.

https://www.hagerty.com/articles-videos/articles/2017/05/31/hagerty-race-team-webster#

unusual looking R/T, but it appears to be photo Modelo Gatuna, circa. 1970 by Tito Caula, one of the most important photojournalists in Venezuela


odd hub caps, no trunk stripe, and a flat hood? Plus the front license plate.... weird. Since the badge next to the front tire seems to say Coronet and engine size, or model number I'm guessing someone bought or borrowed a couple R/T badges and tried to fool people into thinking it's more than a Coronet 440

http://www.overdrive.fi/forum/threads/vanhoja-valokuvia-ameriikan-raitilta.267070/page-943#post-3240820

photographer Tito Caula (Argentina, 1926-1978), who was part of the Urban Photography Foundation of Venezuela, whose photographs were of a landscape that was of a Venezuela that built itself after the dictatorship. They become moving witnesses of a society, of its time and its development

Caula settled in Caracas as an advertising photographer and documentary filmmaker from 1960, when he had to emigrate due to the difficult political and social situation in Argentina at the time.

After moving to Venezuela he bought a Graflex camera, worked up a photography laboratory in his house, became friends with Leo Matiz, managed his studio in Caracas, collaborated as a photojournalist in the magazine Élite, and won an award from United Press International for his photo of the Betancourt-Frondizi hug in 1961.


He also took pictures of the differences in the country. He went into the student protests, in the life inside the hospitals, et cetera. Its thematic axis was Caracas and it is interesting that, by then, Tito Caula managed to capture that cosmopolitan, plural, diverse and tolerant city. A Caracas that probably is no longer there but from which contemporary photographers have registered thanks to Caula. Recall that the oil boom of the seventies changed Venezuela.

Tito Caula combined technical skill and perceptive acuity, capturing significant and sometimes ironic aspects of the characters, events and places to which they gave their attention" Ernesto Sábato, 1970

http://www.elestilete.com/dossier/cronologia-tito-caula/
http://www.laventanadelarte.es/exposiciones/centro-de-historias/aragon/zaragoza/bonadies-caula:-cartografias-de-un-territorio-compartido/6581
http://www.ibe.tv/es/canal/elportalvoz/224/Tito-Caula-el-fot%C3%B3grafo-de-una-Venezuela-que-ya-no-existe.htm
http://www.cadadiaunfotografo.com/2018/01/tito-caula.html
http://www.habitatplus.com.ve/venezuela/archivo-fotografia-urbana-una-perspectiva-transversal-entre-el-mundo-contemporaneo-y-la-memoria-a-traves-de-la-imagen/

Saturday, February 17, 2018

Alan Page, Vikings defensive tackle in the 1st AFL/NFL draft in 67 picked by the GM from the hosptial, Hall of Famer and key to the 1969 Viking superbowl win... was drag racing in the summer of 71, and went on to be an associate state supreme court judge in Minnesota


The first NFL-AFL combined draft was held March 1967, at the Gotham Hotel in New York. While Vikings equipment manager Jim “Stubby” Eason manned a phone there, Vikings general manager Jim Finks had just undergone surgery to remove his gallbladder, in the Twin Cities, and so they drafted from the hospital, with the modest draft materials transported from team headquarters.

ESPN.com, using metrics from Pro Football Reference, earlier this month ranked Minnesota’s 1967 draft the best in team history.

“That draft was a big step in the right direction for us,” said Page, a member of the Vikings' "Purple People Eaters," a defensive line adept at sacking or hurrying the quarterback who played for the Vikings from 1967-78, made six Pro Bowls and was the NFL MVP in 1971.

Page played in 218 consecutive games without an absence

Long before Page’s football career came to a close, he was laying the groundwork for his future role as a justice of the Minnesota Supreme Court. While still playing for the Vikings, Page attended the University of Minnesota Law School, from which he received a Juris Doctor in 1978. After graduating, he worked at the Minneapolis law firm Lindquist and Vennum from 1979 to 1984 outside the football season. Page was appointed Special Assistant Attorney General in 1985, and soon thereafter promoted to Assistant Attorney General.

In 1992 Page was elected to an open seat as an Associate Justice of the Minnesota Supreme Court, becoming the first African-American to serve on that court. He was reelected in 1998 (becoming the biggest vote-getter in Minnesota history), again in 2004, and for a final time in 2010


In the 1st round the Vikings took Jones, who went on to be a chiropractor in LA, Washington, who played for the Vikings from 1967-72 made Pro Bowls in 1969 and 1970 and then had a career with 3M in hr, and Page.
Don Schula scouted Jones and Bubba Smith at the same time, and picked Smith, leaving Jones for the Vikings.

https://www.twincities.com/2017/04/21/vikings-1967-draft-three-guys-picked-a-great-class-out-of-a-hospital-room/


Lost Muscle Cars By Wes Eisenschenk

39 Studebaker truck, nice looking design, well, maybe the best looking Stude I've ever seen, and Truquetructruk.tumblr will no doubt steal this to without giving a source credit. Jackass


The Studebaker Coupe Express was in some ways the spiritual predecessor of the ’46 Hudson with its sleek, low-slung styling. The ’37 model was attractive in its own right, but the ’39 model had a decisively more modern look, with fender-mounted headlights. Adding to the iconic look was a front-fender-mounted spare tire, rounded roof, and pontoon front and rear fenders. The M-series truck, which succeeded the Coupe Express, had a unique style of its own, but its blunter, more upright profile lacked the head-turning style of the Coupe Express.

http://www.overdrive.fi/forum/threads/vanhoja-valokuvia-ameriikan-raitilta.267070/page-909#post-3228877

1976 GMC Jimmy and Chevy Blazer Chalet, Gone Campin' - 70's Style, and Truquetructruk.tumblr will no doubt steal this to without giving a source credit. Jackass





The GMC Jimmy Casa Grande was a collaboration between GM and Chinook Mobilodge, a manufacturer of self-contained motorhomes and campers, being best known for their Toyota-based camper conversions.

The base Chalet/Casa Grande packed everything one needed to tame the great outdoors, including the kitchen sink. There were sleeping accommodations for two, seating for four, a dinette table, a stainless steel sink, a potable water carrying capacity of five gallons, a two-burner lpg stove with a stainless-steel top and an icebox. Upgrading to "Option Package Two" gained buyers a refrigerator that operated on lpg or on electrical power via an auxiliary battery and an AC/DC converter. Option Package Three increased sleeping capacity to four with the addition of a pair of overhead bunks of questionable space and comfort.


http://www.trucktrend.com/features/1508-1976-gmc-jimmy-casa-grande/
https://www.hemmings.com/magazine/hmn/2009/04/Blazer-Chalet-and-Jimmy-Casa-Grande/1795791.html

never saw this Hurst ad before

1922 Philly

people came up with strange inventions


http://progress-is-fine.blogspot.com/2017/08/not-all-ideas.html

look on youtube, people still use horses to pull them on skis over snow. 

Friday, February 16, 2018

figuring out where to fab headers for his dual quad 427 SOHC cammer ... in a 57 T-Bird

a 71 Barracuda, with a 275 hp 340 cu in for drivers ed? Party on

Pippa Garners Le Sabre He's added a flying bridge to the car. Also note the flag and bow railing.


the Nauti-Mobile, a Buick that Garner turned into a real boat of a car, with the windshield of a '67 Datsun grafted on top with a real ship's wheel and a bow.

http://www.overdrive.fi/forum/threads/vanhoja-valokuvia-ameriikan-raitilta.267070/page-866#post-3217976

Pippa was born Philip Garner, fought in the Vietnam war, contracted leukemia through the exposure to Agent Orange, appeared on The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson, the Merv Griffin Show and other talk shows showcasing her satirical consumer product "inventions", and her art has appeared in Car and Driver, Rolling Stone, Arts and Architecture and Vogue, among other publications. In 1993 at the age of 50 underwent surgery to become a woman.

A Chevrolet modified by Pippa was featured in Esquire Magazine in 1975 and noticed by the San Francisco art collective Ant Farm, and she subsequently began a collaboration with Chip Lord.

She is now 72 years old. She began her career as an artist at Art Center in LA and was in a circle of notable artists such as Chris Burden and Ed Ruscha. She has worked in video, performance, drawing, sculpture and most recently has taken professional acting classes. What ties all her interests together is her wit and sense of humor which she applies to her cultural commentary.

Pippa's work centers on cars that are more than just cars. She is famous for some of her functioning automotive creations, like the 1968 Buick LeSabre Boat Car with a flying bridge and a plaque reading "Long time no sea."

http://www.johnsilvis.com/blog/2015/5/1/pippa-garner
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pippa_Garner
https://benandmom.wordpress.com/tag/pippa-garner/

the Italien, a fastback 62-3 T-Bird concept car




The Italien was a featured in Ford's 1962-63 "Custom Car Caravan" and the 1964 New York Worlds Fair's "Cavalcade of Custom Cars" then appeared in Autoramas throughout the United States such as Detroit, Los Angeles, Miami and more.

 The Italien was featured in 14+ magazines in 1963 and 1964 such as "Motor Trend", "Hot Rod", "Car Life", "Motorcade", "Speed and Custom" and others.

 Dale Robertson, tv star on a cowboy show, fell in love with it, and wanted it. Since the only contact information was the placard from Dearborn Steel Tubing in the car, Robertson contacted them.

He offered DST $10,000.00 for the car and then DST went to work trying to convince Ford to sell them the car rather than scrap it. They were successful and as you learned earlier, they purchased the Italien from Ford for $5,000.00 and immediately sold it to Robertson for $10,000.00.

All in all, DST did well, they got paid $11,000.00 from Ford to build it and then picked up another $5,000.00 when they sold it to Robertson. Robertson drove the Italien regularly around the Los Angeles area and one enthusiast remembers spotting it on the highway and following it only to lose it in the hills of Hollywood.

Circa 1965, Robertson let his secretary take the Italien on an errand and she rear ended another car.



It was restored and sold at auction in 2008 for 660,000


The Thunderbird Italien was a styling study from Ford's own Thunderbird styling department and was designed by Fords own Thunderbird Stylists who actually built the plywood buck over which they sculpted the clay model of the roof in their own studio and then gave the car to DST where Vince Gardner made the one piece plaster cast over the clay from which he made the fiberglass roof and deck lid.


http://www.reocities.com/tpls63/italien/Conception.html
https://www.barrett-jackson.com/Events/Event/Details/1963-FORD-THUNDERBIRD-FASTBACK-ITALIEN-CONCEPT-CAR-60571
http://www.fordinsidenews.com/forums/48-vintage-ford-discussion/3104-ford-t-bird-italien-concept.html

a Nudie Cohn made Pontiac was used in a Kid Rock video, and on the cover of his album... it was a Roy Rogers car

the Buick Wells Fargo, a 1958 Buick Limited which was given to Dale Robertson of the show Wells Fargo Days and was his personal car.







Built from a Limited convertible and given to actor Dale Robertson, the star of the Buick-sponsored television show, Tales of Wells Fargo (broadcast on NBC affiliates from 1957-1962).

This car was on the show circuit, such as the 1958 Chicago Auto Show, and among the custom features added by GM to the car were special bucket seats and door panels upholstered in Danish calfskin with western-motif leather inserts, Jersey hide carpeting for the floors and lower door panels, a console between the seats which served as a gun rack containing two Winchester rifles, and leather holsters on the door panels holding pearl-handled .38 Colt pistols

A collector bought it in the 90s, and flipped it, and when the bidding for the Wells Fargo stalled, the auctioneer knowing Robertson was in the audience asked him to come to the stage and talk about the unique car. Soon afterwards the bids doubled, and the car sold for 61k

it was then flipped again, but without the star, the car went for non-star power money 31k.








Western themed cars seem to be quite a thing, and a couple you my not have heard of are the '58 Caballero built for Bill Mitchell, or a '50 Roadmaster convertible built for Harlow Curtice  and then, of course, there's the long-lost '59 "Texan" -- the Western-themed Invicta Estate Wagon that provided the pattern for the '60 Invicta Custom Estate Wagon.

Oh, and the Harold's Club Buick I posted last week http://justacarguy.blogspot.com/2018/02/the-reno-harolds-club-1949-silver.html

http://www.overdrive.fi/forum/threads/vanhoja-valokuvia-ameriikan-raitilta.267070/page-864#post-3216753
http://carsofgm.blogspot.com/2014/11/1958-buick-wells-fargo-text-by-david-w.html
http://robertmead.blogspot.com/2011/05/wells-fargo-buick.html
http://www.1958buickforum.net/webpage/WellsFargoLimited.htm
http://forums.aaca.org/topic/251651-1958-buick-wells-fargo-at-amelia-island-concours-delegance-march-13-15/
http://www.sunstarmodelcars.com/4821/4821.htm

Great Northwest Log Haul 1988 and Truquetructruk.tumblr will no doubt steal this to without giving a source credit. Jackass


In a sign of solidarity by loggers, more than 300 logging trucks rolled into Darby, Mont., in May 1988 to deliver about 1 million board feet of logs. Beginning in the late 1980s, a series of harassing legal actions against the Forest Service by environmental groups forced the Service to cancel its sales of timber, causing the nearly complete collapse of the industry. One by one, mills closed their doors.

A bunch of logging companies and sawmills were donating these, and the logging trucks were on their way to donate all the logs to keep Darby Lumber running.

The truck count into Darby was 303. Organizers expected about 220 logging trucks would take part in the Great Northwest Log Haul when it started rolling out of Libby headed for the wood-strapped Darby Lumber Co. The convoy stretched for 15 miles. It provided enough logs to keep the mill running about three weeks.

Organizers of the Great Northwest Log Haul claimed the Darby mill was shut down because of excessive environmentalist challenges to Forest Service timber sales.

Hoyt Axton was the entertainment that night. Darby Lumber paid for the logs, the logs were whatever loads anyone could come up with. Kids were let out of school and Paul Harvey talked about it on his radio show. High schoolers volunteered to wash the rigs

http://www.montanaoutdoor.com/2017/01/great-northwest-log-haul/
https://www.csmonitor.com/1988/0627/alog.html
https://www.facebook.com/133063052837/photos/a.388141957837.168625.133063052837/10153839733922838/?type=3

This log haul was organized by sawmill co-owner James Hurst

Years later, he hit on a plan for hauling several truckloads of shovels to Elko, Nev., to protest U.S. Forest Service road closings, it was called the Jarbidge Shovel Brigade.

He had heard of a situation in Elko County, Nev., where the Forest Service was refusing to repair a public road in Inyo-Humboldt National Forest, near the minute town of Jarbidge, and indeed had even blocked access with boulders and debris.

Residents of the county were outraged and tried to open it, only to be blocked by court action.

When Hurst learned that the people had tried to open that road with shovels, but were stopped - that what was going on there was what was going on in Eureka he contacted the county commissioners in Elko and offered to bring a few shovels as a symbolic gesture.

He ended up bringing over 11,000 that people had donated. He called them Shovels for Solidarity. Some were used that July 4 to open the road in Jarbidge Canyon.

“I wouldn’t miss this for the world,” says Mike Nannini, one of the four and a truck stop owner from Wells, Nev. “We intend to do everything we can to help call attention to the need to revise federal forest policies.”

Nannini credits Hurst with making it possible for the county to reclaim the Jarbidge Canyon road.

“We got our road back,” he says, “But had it not been for Jim Hurst and his Shovels for Solidarity and the national attention we received, the Forest Service would have never backed down. The road would still be closed.”

Four of Elko County’s five commissioners are expected in Eureka, bringing with them 500 shovels, plus the 13-foot-high shovel — embellished with the names of 9,000 sympathizers — that has stood upright in front of the courthouse in the city of Elko since erected last year.

http://www.wnd.com/2001/05/9278/
http://billingsgazette.com/news/state-and-regional/montana/darby-s-rises-and-falls-seen-in-the-lives-of/article_9af20c24-0239-5c12-88c6-1d0239c2274a.html
http://www.overdrive.fi/forum/threads/vanhoja-valokuvia-ameriikan-raitilta.267070/page-862#post-3216222